The “Bosco di Favara e Bosco Granza” protected area covers an agricultural land belonging to Aliminusa, Cerda, Montemaggiore Belsito and Sclafani Bagni municipalities.
The area is dominated by cork oaks, flowering ashes and holm oaks.
The shrubs in the undergrowth are the species typically spread in Sicilian woods, such as blackthorn, hawthorn, crab apple, wild Cretan asparagus, butcher’s broom, almond-leaved pear, and Cystus triflorus flowering shrubs, similar to the broom.
In the meadows you can find cyclamens and saffron plants.
The best preserved areas are inaccessible, as Mount Soprana, 1127 meters above sea level, where you can find rocks covered with lichen, indicator of good air quality.
Significant marsh and lake vegetation near Cozzo Bomes pond, 833 meters above sea level, which has a central area that never drains, even if it has a big water level fluctuation during the year.
The park fauna is very rich and you can find many mammals such as wild boars, foxes, martens, weasels, Apennine hares, wild rabbits, hedgehogs, porcupines, dormouse species, shrews and Sicilian shrews.
There are also many bird species, including the long-tailed tit of Sicily, jay, crow, pipit, Fan-tailed Warbler, spotless starling, tit, robin, nightingale, blackbird, corn bunting, the Subalpine Warbler, song thrush, crested lark, goldfinch, kestrel, cuckoo, buzzard, sparrowhawk, scops owl, little owl, barn owl, Sicilian rock partridge, quail, hoopoe, woodpecker, wood pigeon and woodcock.
There can also be found many species of insects, amphibians and reptiles.